MARANS....

MARANS

THE MARANS CLUB

The Home of the Dark Brown Egg

Eggs and Egg Colour Chart

Depth of colour is not the only criteria for judging the quality of Marans Eggs.
This is a link to The Poultry Club of Great Britain Standard for Judging Eggs. To read them click here

The Official Colours Scale from 1 to 9:

1 - White egg 
Example: Leghorn, Campine, Ancona. Unacceptable.

2 - Tinted egg
 Wrongly called “brown” in most breeds standards. Example: Rhode Island Red. Unacceptable.

3- Red egg
It could be a Marans egg but it’s an unsatisfactory colour. The colour is insufficient when it’s the darkest egg laid. Unsatisfactory.

4- the real extra-red Marans egg
The colour of the egg is not better than the egg n° 3, but the depth of pigment is more significant, its stained repartition is uneven, and that’s why the extra-red egg is more valuable. A little brightness should always highlight this egg. The egg n°4, placed against a natural red earthenware background, has to be a bit darker.
Note: the same hen can lay an egg that is slightly darker with an even colour in the beginning of the laying (first 20 eggs).

5 to 7 – Extra dark russet-red eggs (chocolate) 
You may notice the spherical, globular shape, which is typical of the Marans egg, and the brightness is always an extra property of this egg. Unfortunately, hens laying eggs 7, 8 and 9 often do not meet the Standard for appearance: they maybe light or skimpy subjects, have squirrel tails, impure feathers and colours, etc… The selection of the Marans is very hard work, and a long exacting task.

8 and 9 – Exceptional eggs or rather accidental
The colour is close to that of an unalloyed pigment. Once again, you may notice that such eggs are obtained in the beginning of the lay. The fact that the shell pigments tones down in the middle of the laying period is normal. The best shell colours stabilize around 6 and 7. A good stock will produce a proportion of eggs 5 and 6. Drastic selection must be done year after year to maintain a constant colour.

You can evaluate the quality of a laying Marans according to the colour of the eggs at the beginning of the lay, after the first 20 eggs, and the regularity of the colour during the greater part of the season.

marans egg colur chart

The Poultry Club of Great Britain - The Egg to Show - To read the article click here

If you have taken a photo of some of your Marans eggs please let us know.....click to email

The following article is taken from The French Marans Club
http://marans.eu/loeufang.htm#loeufang

ORIGIN OF COLOURING
The extra-russet-red colour comes from the impregnation of a liquid colouring on the eggshell. This liquid is produced by spongy tissues of the last 10 centimetres of the oviduct and is deposited right before laying.

Immediately after laying, a layer of mucus covering the egg dries quickly and the shell keeps its colour. It is these many mucous glands that secrete the colouring substances and tint the shell.
These substances of albuminous origin are manufactured by certain cells whose biochemical laws to date are not elucidated.

On an egg just laid and still wet, one can damage whole or part of this coloured film with one’s finger. An unhappy experiment for a hen whose egg had remained blocked in the oviduct for several days had made it possible to note that the successive layers of pigment had not ceased accumulating and formed a film in the range of 1 mm in thickness and an almost black purplish colour.

Contrary to the blue-green egg of the Araucana hen which is tinted throughout the thickness of the shell, one realizes when one breaks a Marans egg that the internal colour of the shell is perfectly white, offering an unexpected contrast, and given its colouring right before laying, is like a final signature suitable for the breed.

 “An identity card”  - The deposition of the pigments on eggs is not always uniform.
With the manner of a print, like a child practicing with a wet sponge soaked in colour, one observes variation in the distribution of the pigments that are unique to each layer.

The shell is uniform when the print is perfectly carried out, allowing a homogeneous diffusion of pigment over the totality of the egg. Quite as frequent as the uniformly pigmented egg is the appearance of fine networks of dots some tenth of a millimeter in size spread over a clearer background. Occasionally there can appear very brown spots, in slight relief, on a clearer or definitely more constant background.

However, these deposits of pigments are not only subjected to variations from one hen to another but also in respect to time. Observations made with trap-nests over 15 years of breeding enabled us to note in the best extra-russet-red egg layers that aspects of the shell established at the beginning of laying continue, with some variations, to some extent allotting “an identity card” for each hen.

One can thus determine 3 categories of eggshell types in the Marans:
- uniform
- stippled
- spotted

One cannot judge the final qualities of a layer for extra-russet-red egg colour until one dozen eggs have been laid, counted from the first onset of laying. These nuances then deteriorate very gradually until the sixth month of laying. At that time the best hens lay eggs certainly less characteristically dark but still more deeply coloured than those of other breeds.

It is also noted that in a series of 3, 4, and 5 eggs laid in continuation after a one-day stop, the first egg laid is always more deeply coloured. This decline in colour intensity, and the cessation of laying during the incubation, in fact marks a natural and necessary rest of the oviduct common to all breeds As with a hen’s first egg, after a period of broodiness, of incubation or moult good layers again start to lay a superb extra-russet-red egg.

External influences on egg colour: It is significant to announce that poor sanitary conditions can considerably influence the colour of the shells.   - Before any quantitative drop in production occurs, a decline in colouring, an abnormal distribution of the pigments, or the appearance of aspects which are whitish and rough are the advertisement of diseases or parasites. Excessive fattening of the hens, changes of environment, of feeding, and stress factors are also prejudicial toward loss of eggshell colour.

The thickness of the shell:  -In a general way, the solidity of the shell is closely related to the factors located upstream of the production of an egg: the bird’s genetic origin, the age of the layer, feeding, breeding conditions, and the bird’s medical state.

The shell represents approximately 10% of the weight of the egg. In the Marans, when these optimum conditions are met, one notes that the solidity of the shell is greater than that of eggs of other breeds.
Even when the empirical observation is easy (when one breaks a Marans egg, it is often with a certain difficulty), no scientific proof had attested it until a group of students (promotion 1995-1997) of the Institute des Sciences et Vie de la Terre (I.S.V.T.) of Puy en Velay studied the extra-russet-red eggs of the Marans. According to measurements and calculations carried out, we could highlight which Marans hen’s eggs had a more solid shell than that of traditional eggs.

These would thus have considerable advantages for marketing, decreasing the number of potential breakages during transport, and the storage time of these eggs is quite longer than that of traditional eggs. The thickness and the solidity of the eggshell of the Marans is now scientifically shown.
It is precisely the thickness of this less porous shell with a fine and tight grain which, but decreasing the gaseous exchange, avoids the oxidation of its contents: the air penetrates with difficulty into the egg and its conservation is somewhat prolonged. The cuticle and internal and external shell membranes of the Marans egg constitute effective protective barriers against bacteria.

This lower permeability (and thicker internal membranes) often causes decreased hatchability of approximately 5 to 10% compared to majority of other breeds.

The shape of the egg  - This is an inherited feature that often enters in correlation with the extra-russet-red colour of the eggs. In the best stock, one often notes a globulous form for which it its sometimes difficult to distinguish the point from the base; a distinction, however, necessary for the correct placement of the egg point down in the racks of forced-air incubators. This characteristic of an almost spherical rather than ovoid shape is to be sought because all the old writings and testimonies describe this phenomenon. Probably, the genes responsible for this characteristic are incompletely dominant.

 

Some Eggs from Marans Club of Great Britain members

JAMES BOND'S FAVOURITTE EGG

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